Learning method discovery
Learning method discovery (find) are methodic to teach that manage teaching in such a way face so child gets science earlier one be known its it not passes through making known, partly or the lot found alone. In learning discovery (find) activity or learning that is designed in such a way face so student gets to find concepts and principles via its own mental process. In finds concept, student does watch, group, making assumption, word, glean from etcetera to find some concept or principle.
Method discovery mean as procedural as teaches that accentuate perseorang's teaching, manipulating object before up until generalizing. Meanwhile Bruner declares for that child shall get active role at deep learned. More is declared for, that activity needs to be performed through someway so-called discovery. Discovery one that executed student in processes its studying, led to find a concept or principle.
Discovery it is mental process where student can assimilate a concept or principle. Intended mental process for example: observe, digest, understand, menggolong groups, making assumption, word, measure, making conclusion etcetera. With this tech student was let to find own or experiences alone mental process, teacher just leads and give intruksi. Learning thus discovery it a learning that involve student in processes mental activity via trades opinion, with gets discussion, read alone and trying own, that child can selftaught.
Learning method discovery constitute a teaching method that emphasizes on student activity in learned. In learning process with its method, teacher just act as counsellor and fasilitator what does lead student to find concept, theorem, procedure, algorithm and kind of it.
Three main characteristics study to find which is: (1 ) explore and solve problems as to establish, merge and menggeneralisasi is science; (2 ) student centered; (3 ) activities to merge new sciences and gnostic existing.
Blake et al, work through about find philosophy that publicized by Whewell. Whewell proposes find model with three phases, which is: (1 ) clarifications; (2 ) glean from induction alae; (3 ) probe level with another (verification).
Learning steps discovery are as follows:
- Need student identification;
- Selection advancing to principles, concept savvy and science generalizing;
- Material selection, problema
- Help and clarifies task / problema which faced by student and role each student;
- Getting things square class and needful tool;
- Checking student grasp to problem who will be solved;
- Giving chance on student to do find;
- Helping student with information / data if necessary by student;
- Captaining alone analisis( self analysis ) with question that leads and identify problem;
- Stimulating its happening interaction among student with student;
- Helping student formulates principle and its invention generalizing.
One of studying method that latterly there are many is utilized at school already go forward are methods discovery . It is caused because this method: (1 ) constitute someway to develop active student studying tricks; (2 ) by find and investigating concept own that studied, therefore result which is gotten will long-lasting deep mnemonic and be not easily to be forgotten student; (3 ) found savvy alone constitute savvy that strongly been gained control and easy is utilized or at Transfer in situated other; (4 ) by use of strategy discovery child learnedding to gain control one of scientific method that will get to develop own; (5 ) student study to think analisis and trying solves problema that faced alone, this wont will at Transfer in real life.
Severally gain studies discovery which is: (1 ) science get long-lasting and catchy; (2 ) result study discovery having the better Transfer effect instead of another result; (3 ) thoroughly study discovery increasing student and ability reasoning to get free thought. Specially studies find coach kognitif's skills students to find and solves problems without others favors .
Besides has severally gain, method discovery (find) also has severally weakness, amongst those need more studying time so long as compared to studying accepts. To reduce that weakness therefore needful help learns. Help learns to get began by proposes severally question and with give information in few words. Question and that information gets to be loaded deep student work sheet (LKS) already been gotten things square by teacher before learning is begun.
Hod discovery (find) one that maybe executed on student SMP is methodic find most lead. It because of student SMP stills to require teacher help before as purification inventor. Therefore method discovery (find) one that will be utilized deep observational it is methodic discovery (find) led( guided discovery ).